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Tuesday, June 06, 2023
Infos Senegal  History and geo

French speaking country and 5 hours off Paris, Senegal is the very entrance point of Black Africa.
It's the second sunniest country of the world. The average temperature is between 20 and 30°. As for the sea, it turns around 25° all year long.

Senegal has an area of 196192 km2 and is located in the western extreme tip of the African continent. On the west side, the country is bordered by 700 km of coats on the Atlantic Ocean and surrounded by Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, and Guinea Bissau.

Senegal is lined up the Meridian Greenwich Time (GMT).

On the whole, the country is flat and not very bumpy.
The Republic of Senegal is a multiparty democracy of which Prime Minister is head of the government.
The official language is French.

The main resources come from fishing, tourism, groundnuts and phosphates.
The capital, Dakar, hosts some 2 million inhabitants and constitutes one of the major cities of West Africa.
The city is located in a peninsula of which cape dives towards South America.

Straight facing the city and 20 minutes off Dakar by ferry, the charming and welcoming island of Goree offers to its visitors an adventure through the time.

Main dates

IInd to the XIth century
XVth century
XVIth century
1758 to 1814
May 30, 1814
April 4, 1960
September 5, 1960



the empire of Ghana
the Almoravides begin the islamization process of the present Senegal
arrival of the former Portuguese colonists
beginning of the Slave trade fomented by Portuguese
English and French fight over Saint-Louis and Goree
Senegal is given up to France by the Treaty of Paris
Abolition of Slavery
Creation of the general government of French Western Africa (A.O.F.)
Dakar becomes the capital of A.O.F.
Senegal becomes independent
Léopold Sédar Senghor is elected first President of the Senegalese Republic.

M Abdoulaye Wade is re-elected President of the Senegalese Republic.